Indian Purple Frog
If you want to see India’s purple, or pig-nosed, frog in the wild, you would need to visit the Sahyadri Mountains during the fleeting, fortnight-long monsoon season. Only then do these strange, brightly hued creatures emerge from underground to mate in rainwater pools.
Formally discovered in October 2003 (but already known locally), this bloated-looking amphibian with its distinctive purple snout, podgy legs and a head that appears too small for its body, reportedly makes a noise like a chicken. Its only, distant evolutionary relatives are found 3,000km away in the Seychelles, lending credence to the theory that India was once joined to Africa in a giant landmass called Gondwana, splitting between 160 million and 65 million years ago.